Friday, December 15, 2017

California Wildfires Update No 10



Situation Update No. 10 on December 16, 2017, 05:53 AM (UTC)


Ever since the Thomas fire erupted Dec. 4, it has steadily burned its way up the list of California's largest wildfires since the Great Depression. That list, however, does not include what some consider to be California's largest known wildfire - the 1889 Santiago Canyon fire, which scorched 300,000 acres in Orange, Riverside and San Diego counties. The official California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection list of the top 20 wildfires dates back only to 1932 because records before then "are less reliable," the department says. The largest fire on the list is the 2003 Cedar fire, which burned more than 273,000 acres and killed 15 people.

By Friday morning, the Thomas fire had burned 252,500 acres in Ventura and Santa Barbara counties and was 35% contained. However, a forecast of heavy wind gusts overnight and through the weekend threatened to push that acreage figure even higher. Under such circumstances, the Thomas fire could ultimately grow larger than the Santiago Canyon fire, according to one expert. "The Thomas fire is still going and it potentially could exceed that 300,000-acre estimate," said Jon Keeley, a research ecologist with the U.S. Geological Survey and an adjunct professor at UCLA. "It could end up being the biggest fire." Back in the 1930s, the U.S. Forest Service compiled a list of all fires in California, with records going back all the way to 1861, according to Keeley.
"These are estimates though, because going back that far, essentially all you have are newspaper reports," Keeley said. "There's been big fires off and on ever since. ... Large fires are not unknown in California by any means. The one thing that perhaps is different is we're getting more of them now than we did historically." Since the Civil War, half of Southern California's largest wildfires have occurred in the last 15 years, according to a paper authored by Keely. The reason for the increase? Humans.

"Historically, if you look in the past when there are relatively few people on the landscape, a significant number of the fires were being started by lightning," Keely said. "And lightning doesn't occur during Santa Ana wind events. There was just a much lower probability of an ignition coinciding with Santa Ana winds. Today, however, most fires are triggered by people. "As people increase on the landscape, we have a much greater chance that they're going to ignite fires. Perhaps by arson or more people on the landscape means more infrastructure such as power lines that could cause fires. We think that the increased incidence of big fires is most directly tied to people, more people and more badly timed ignition."

Keely notes however that the Thomas fire is a "real anomaly," because it is tied to an unusually long Santa Ana wind event. "Normally when we get a strong Santa Ana wind event, it lasts two or three days and then the winds die down and the fire is then contained," Keely said. "But this fire is occurring during a Santa Ana wind event that apparently isn't even over yet. ... The longer the Santa Ana winds blow, the larger the fire grows. That's an important characteristic of the Thomas fire." The Santiago Canyon fire ignited under Santa Ana wind conditions and that was coupled with the fact that there were very few people on the landscape to fight that fire, Keely said. Contemporary news reports said the fire began in a sheep herder's camp. In a recent paper on fire and climate, researchers evaluated the correlation between the number of Santa Ana wind events each year and the area burned and found no relationship. "We get Santa Ana winds every year.


It's just, some years, somebody ignites a fire during them, and when that happens, they tend to get really large," Keely said. "But the really large ones, we found, were related to prior drought." He pointed to the 2003 Cedar fire, which was preceded by more than a year of drought. "We think that this fire, the Thomas fire, is likely very large in part not just because the Santa Ana wind event is long, but there was this very extreme drought between 2012 and 2014." Often drought is thought of as affecting the fuel moisture of vegetation. But researchers' analysis suggests otherwise, Keely said. "What extreme droughts do is they cause dieback of the vegetation," he said. "Basically a canopy of the vegetation dies and oftentimes the entire plant dies. So you have lots of dead vegetation out on the landscape from the drought. And when the Santa Ana winds blow embers ahead of the fire front, they'll ignite spot fires, but only if they land on dead vegetation." The USGS is now gearing up to start a study to look at the amount of dieback in the Thomas fire prior to this fire event, he said. "I suspect there must have been a lot of dead vegetation and that enhanced that fire," Keely said.

Sea lion attack at San Francisco Aquatic Park



Two Men Attacked by Sea Lion Within a 24 Hour Period


Two unusual sea lion attacks in a San Francisco Bay cove led authorities to close the popular area to swimmers Friday as officials try to determine the reason for the aggressive behavior. The aggressive behavior is so unusual for sea lions that officials think the same animal attacked both swimmers, a park spokesman said. A sea lion bit a man in the groin area Friday as he swam in the waters off San Francisco Maritime National Historic Park, park spokesman Lynn Cullivan said. It was "a very serious bite," and the man was taken to a hospital, he said. Witnesses told CBS San Francisco a man in his 60s was bitten as he was swimming around 8:00 a.m. "A sea lion came up from underneath and grabbed him on the inside of his thigh," eyewitness Andrew Burrell told CBS San Francisco.
A member of the South End Rowing Club was able to help the swimmer get back to shore. "He came in shocked, he had a look on his face where he just wanted to get to the hospital," Burrell said. The victim was taken to an area hospital with three lacerations to his upper leg. The cove hosts swimming and rowing clubs and is a favorite spot for dedicated swimmers. It's usually a transit area for sea lions heading to Pier 39, where they congregate, Cullivan said. The area just off Ghirardelli Square, a popular square with shops and restaurants, will be closed to swimmers until Monday, he said. Another swimmer was seriously injured Thursday after a sea lion bit him on the arm. Officers applied a tourniquet and he was transported to a hospital, where he had a least two surgeries.
Christian Einfeldt believes the animal trailed him as he swam from the beach to the mouth of the cove. When he turned to swim back, the massive sea lion was right there, he told San Francisco television station KGO. "I did feel threatened. I did have a warning. But I was a quarter-mile from shore. There was nothing I could do," Einfeldt said between surgeries. When the sea lion got near Einfeldt, he splashed water on it, but the animal did not go away, said Matthew Reiter with the San Francisco Police Department's Marine Unit. "When it didn't work, he yelled at it and then the sea lion came up and bit him on the arm," Reiter said. He started steadily bleeding. Knowing he could not swim back, Einfeldt said he flagged down a sailboat. "I was relatively calm because I wasn't dead," he told the TV station. A man on the sailboat pulled him aboard and called the police. Cullivan said officials think the same animal attacked both swimmers. "It could just be a sea lion being territorial, or it could be an injured or sick mammal," he said. Cullivan said the swimmers were closer to the bay than to the shore when they were attacked. "People think the bay is their backyard, but it really is the beginning of the wilderness," he said. "There is wilderness out there."

BioHazard: Disease, agent name-Animal attack (unprovoked, sea lion) Bacteria and viruses that cause only mild disease to humans, or are difficult to contract via aerosol in a lab setting, such as hepatitis A, B, and C, influenza A, Lyme disease, salmonella, mumps, measles, scrapie, dengue fever, and HIV. "Routine diagnostic work with clinical specimens can be done safely at Biosafety Level 2, using Biosafety Level 2 practices and procedures. Research work (including co-cultivation, virus replication studies, or manipulations involving concentrated virus) can be done in a BSL-2 (P2) facility, using BSL-3 practices and procedures. Virus production activities, including virus concentrations, require a BSL-3 (P3) facility and use of BSL-3 practices and procedures", see Recommended Biosafety Levels for Infectious Agents.

Wednesday, November 8, 2017

They Could Be Fireballs! @Yellowstone...





The Sun & Moon Will Be in The Sky@The Same Time. If U R on a Tall Buildi...



It's essential to dress warmly in winter for only 19.99
slip right into these

And if you haven't already, take the time to start juicing. You can get a juicer for $49.99 on Amazon

For energy, you need Vit-B12 (if you are on any medication, ask your doctor before taking even green tea.) Green tea interacts with high blood pressure meds. I use the B-12 patches which the FDA has recently banned! Why? Because they work and don't bother your stomach like the pills do for many people. They want everyone on medication for acid reflux which is a side effect of most meds and some Vitamins. Juicing helps me very much although I don't juice daily.
I always juice Beets which brings oxygen to the brain and lowers blood pressure. They just finished a study on beets for the brain. The beets can be cooked along with carrots which most people don't know is good for bones, as well as eyes. This product seems to work for some people. However, there are side effects. I wonder if people even searched Protandin before they bought it.
I take living silica Orgono - G5 Siliplant - 33.85 oz. which has been around for yrs. I use it for hair growth and bones.
I was told I have osteopenia so the Dr. gave me pills but, the side effects are acid reflux you can break a thigh bone, it can snap!

WHAT!

I told him no way, he said have you read the side effects of Tylenol then he said forget it, lol. I didn't have time to explain ORGONO to him, yet. ORGONO also produces collagen and really, my hair is finally growing again. It's also for bones, tendons, ligaments, joints, and the bottle is a 33.89 oz liquid that tastes like water.
My brother started taking it since he's seen the difference in my own hair. Also, I've been using pure coconut oil for a long time and I love the results. I also put it lightly on my hair and skin, plus I use the cooking coconut oil because to my chagrin, I found out that olive oil isn't good for you either.
Another product I search was beet powder. On nuts.com it has 137 mg of Sodium in it. SuperBeets has 65 mg in theirs. Fresh beetroot has 0 sodium.
Beets lower your blood pressure so why would they put so much in the one at nut.com?


FUNNEL CLOUD!